Atom Noodle Soup
'The universe is a string-net liquid'
By Zeeya Merali
New Scientist 15th March 2007
Zeeya Merali reports in the 'New Scientist' 15th March 2007 that Xiao-Gang Wen at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Michael Levin at Harvard University "have come up with a prediction for a new state of matter, and even a tantalising picture of the nature of space-time itself." According to Wen and Levin:
"Elementary particles are not the fundamental building blocks of matter. Instead, they emerge from the deeper structure of the non-empty vacuum of space-time."
The article goes on to say:
"What if electrons were not really elementary, but were formed at the ends of long 'strings' of other, fundamental particles? They formulated a model in which such strings are free to move 'like noodles in a soup' and weave together into huge 'string-nets'."
The pair ran simulations to see if their string-nets could give rise to conventional particles and fractionally charged quasi-particles. They did. They also found something even more surprising. As the net of strings vibrated, it produced a wave that behaved according to a very familiar set of laws - Maxwell's equations, which describe the behaviour of light. "A hundred and fifty years after Maxwell wrote them down, here they emerged by accident," says Wen.
That wasn't all. They found that their model naturally gave rise to other elementary particles, such as quarks, which make up protons and neutrons, and the particles responsible for some of the fundamental forces, such as gluons and the W and Z bosons.
From this, the researchers made another leap. Could the entire universe be modelled in a similar way? "Suddenly we realised, maybe the vacuum of our whole universe is a string-net liquid," says Wen. "It would provide a unified explanation of how both light and matter arise." "Wen and Levin's theory is really beautiful stuff," says Michael Freedman, 1986 winner of the Fields medal, the highest prize in mathematics, and a quantum computing specialist at Microsoft Station Q at the University of California, Santa Barbara. "I admire their approach, which is to be suspicious of anything - electrons, photons, Maxwell's equations - that everyone else accepts as fundamental."
Wen and Levin's acclaimed research has just caught up with Nigel Kerner who, ten years ago in 'The Song of the Greys' made the same revolutionary proposition that atoms were a product of the fabric of the nature of space-time itself. He also suggested that elementary particles, far from being fundamental, are simply part of the particular topography of space time itself.
Extract from Chapters 3 - (To Be Or Not To Be - That Is The Answer) 'The Song Of The Greys'
"The search for the final spatial dimension possible provides an inertial effect we call FORCE, the shape of which is the familiar figure of eight, or concentric loop configuration - of the sign for infinity. This is the root shape upon which the entire spatial infrastructure of the three dimensional matter, (and as radiation, non matter), inherently dual/polarity Universe is set, and evaluated by the sciences of physics and chemistry today. It is the pattern of force of all newly created 'elements' that the separation of points must 'follow' in 'our' state of implicit separation from the ALL TOGETHER state of SPIRIT. It gives rise in its most basic completed building block to the ATOM. We might say that the atom is the self contained pattern of implicit, fixed force, or tension, in the space of its own creation that THOUGHT becomes in its search for ultimate separation from the WHOLE. Hydrogen was and is the first and simplest self containable stable pattern of FORCE. Uranium was and is the last 'created', that this planet can hold as a stable, or in my terms, 'devolved' stable, modulus for our particular location in Space and situation in 'TIME' on the planet Earth.
At this first moment of all moments, when pure SPIRIT bursts out to sublimate matter, TIME begins as parts happen and start to separate to the inertia of the BIG BANG, trapping the GODHEAD LIGHT in its new situation. From here its value in purity begins to diminish. ATOMS are formed out of its degradent posture. Time increases its meter with fragmentation and subsequent gathering separation of parts. All the schemes of consolidation of these parts begin with the two primary directional vectors of FORCE expressed at the BIG BANG, dimensionally at right angles to one another. One dimensional force vector making what we now call the electric component and the other dimension - the magnetic one. The two together in inertial expression provide a moment of twist, creating the third dimensional vector (gravity) and the resulting whole spiral twist turns in on itself, trying for the logically impossible fourth spatial dimension.
As I have demonstrated, it never quite makes it and its compromise is the MOROIDAL shape of space itself. Into and within this whole scheme - the manifestation of SPIRIT (STILLNESS) begins with the lowest (most quiet) states of electromagnetism and builds to the HYDROGEN atom, when there is enough force to make a self contained unit, in localities where these electromagnetic states gather most, through the inevitable random disassociation caused by the BIG BANG explosion.
As I have said, the first atoms begin when these diverse electromagnetic radiational force vectors are of sufficient consolidational weight. Little self contained discrete parcels form in the simplest possible MOROIDAL shape. The hydrogen atom is born - HYDROGEN, the first element has happened. A multiplicity of 'figure of eight' twisted ribbons of pure FORCE, called HYDROGEN, form everywhere."